|Rabies||Treatment after exposure can prevent the disease if administered promptly, generally within 10 days of infection. Thoroughly washing the wound as soon as possible with soap and water for approximately five minutes is effective in reducing the number of viral particles. Povidone iodine or alcohol is then recommended to reduce the virus further.|
|Dengue||There are no specific antiviral drugs for dengue, however maintaining proper fluid balance is important. Treatment depends on the symptoms. Those who are able to drink, are passing urine, have no “warning signs” and are otherwise healthy can be managed at home with daily follow up.|
|Chagas||There is no vaccine for Chagas disease. Vector control is the most effective method of prevention in Latin America. Blood screening is necessary to prevent infection through transfusion and organ transplantation.|
|AIDS||Belize boasts the dubious distinction of having the highest rate of HIV infection in Central America. According to a UNAIDS document entitled “HIV/AIDS in Central America”, the prevalence of HIV in Belize’s adults is two percent of the population.|
There is no risk of yellow fever and Malaria infections in Belize.